Home Tutoriais Idiomas Inglês – Lição 12 – Interrogative and Negative form


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Na pergunta acima vemos o uso do verbo auxiliar do. Como já observado em lições anteriores, ele tem várias utilidades, principalmente no tempo presente.

 

STRUCTURE

SIMPLE PRESENT – INTERROGATIVE AND NEGATIVE FORM

No verbo  to be, quando queremos fazer uma pergunta colocamos o verbo na frente do sujeito.

Ex. :

Are you  a student?

 

Mas agora  vejamos com os outros verbos!!

 

Ex.: Do  you  like milk?

Does  she speak Spanish?

 

Nestas frases apareceu o verbo auxiliar do/does. Vejamos as mesmas frases mas na forma negativa.

Ex.: you don’t  like milk.

She doesn’t speak Spanish.

 

Quando são usados o DO e o DOES?

DOES=  aparece na terceira pessoa do singular.

DO= aparece nas demais pessoas.

Ex.:

She doesn’t like to read.

He doesn’t play guitar.

Ane doesn’t study French.

 

NOTE:

Neste caso , ocorre uma transformação ,o verbo principal volta a forma do infinitivo( perdendo o S ou ES).

Ex.: John doesn’t want to buy a new car.

Does  Peter work all day long?

 

 IMPERATIVE TENSE

No tempo imperativo o sujeito está subentendido. Na verdade , nesse tempo a conjugação passa a ser uma ordem.

Ex.:

Drink your milk!

Eat your sandwich!!

Open the door!

 

Notou !? ambas as frases são ordens. Agora vejamos estas mesmas frases na forma negativa.

Don’t drink your milk!

Don’t eat your sandwich!

Don’t open the door!

 

Logo, a forma negativa é formada pela união do verbo auxiliar DO+ NOT.

 

PRONOMES PESSOAIS – OBJETO

Pronomes que formam sujeito e objeto.

 

Sujeito                                                     objeto

I                                                                me

You                                                            you

He                                                              him

She                                                            her

It                                                                it

We                                                             us

You                                                            you

They                                                           them

 

Ex.:

Ane loves Peter.                                       Ane loves him.

Peter talks about Ane.                                Peter talks her.

 

Como vimos os pronomes podem ser usados como objeto.

 

NOTE:

Se um verbo tiver dois objeto o direto e o indireto, o que fazer??!

1) a estrutura geralmente usada é:

VERBO + OBJETO INDIRETO + OBJETO DIRETO

Ex. : I give her a present.

They sell me some pictures.

 

2) quando o objeto indireto for usado após o objeto direto, ele será precedido de to ou for. Observe os mesmo exemplos acima, com a devida mudança:

Ex.: I give a present to her.

They sell me to some pictures.

 

NEW VERBS

To give= dar

To love= amar

 

 NEW WORDS

Actually=realmente                                    age= idade, época

Nowdays= atualmente                               back= atrás, de trás

Parents= pais (pai e mãe)                          bed= cama

Relatives= parentes                                   boyfriend= namorado

Library= biblioteca                                      girlfriend= namorada

Bookstore= livraria

Fruit= fruta

Cake= bolo

Butter=manteiga

Raincoat= capa de chuva

Above= acima

Agaisnt=contra

 

NEW EXPRESSIONS

Be in love= apaixonar-se

To look over= examiner

To work out= calcular

To call of= cancelar

 

ACTIVITY

1) PUT THE SENTENCES INTO THE INTERROGATIVE FORM:

A) she goes to the library.

____________________________________________

 

B) you want to eat cake.

____________________________________________

 

C) John studies English and French.

____________________________________________

 

D) Michael loves Ane.

____________________________________________

 

E) she wants to give a shirt to her friend.

____________________________________________

 

2) COMPLETE WITH DON’T OR DOESN’T:

A)I ________ like to drink orange juice.

B) you _______ speak English.

C) I __________ speak with my parents today.

D) Mary ________ use her raincoat.

E) she _______ go to the bookstore this afternoon.

 

3) COMPLETE THE CORRECT PERSONAL PRONOUN:

A) Francy is  talking to John now.

________ is talking to _______ now.

 

B) don’t open the door!

Don’t open ________.

 

C) Michael is between Peter and Mary.

_________is between ___________.

 

4) PUT THE SENTENCES INTO THE NEGATIVE FORM:

A) my relatives like to give presents to us.

_____________________________________________

 

B) I love my relatives.

_____________________________________________

 

C) John speaks English.

_____________________________________________

 

D) Mary wants to eat fruit.

_____________________________________________

 

E) you like bread and ham.

_____________________________________________

 

GABARITO

1)

A) does she go to the library?

B) do you want to eat cake?

C) does John study English and French?

D) does Michael love Ane?

E) does she want to give a shirt to her friend?

 

2)

A) don’t

B) don’t

C) don’t

D) doesn’t

E) doesn’t

 

3)

A) she/ him

B) it

C) he/ Them

 

4)

A) my relatives don’t like to give presents to us.

B) I don’t love my relatives.

C) John doesn’t  speak English.

D) Mary doesn’t want to eat fruit.

E) you don’t like bread and ham.

Fonte: http://www.juliobattisti.com.br/tutoriais/adrienearaujo/inglesbasico012.asp

   

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