Home Tutoriais Idiomas Inglês – Lição 15 – Review


Do you remember??

Vamos ver o que aprendemos nas últimas lições??

Alguns tempos verbais foram analisados.

Vejamos:

 

STRUCTURE

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

Simple present= indica uma ação que está ocorrendo em tempo real.

» affirmative form

nesta forma o verbo aparece no infinitivo sem o to. No geral, na 3ª pessoa recebe o acréscimo da letra s. mas há algumas exceções onde pode aparecer es ou ies.

 

Ex.:  I eat                           na 3ª pessoa              it eats

We study                                                       she studies

They cry                                                         she cries

I fix                                                                I fixes

 

No caso do verbo to have , ocorre uma mudança mais ampla.

have a  ball.

He has  a ball.

 

Não devemos esquecer que quando nos referimos as ações do cotidiano, estas podem vir acompanhadas de advérbios de freqüência.

Always           never               sometimes

Rarely            seldom             usually

 

» interrogative form

No verbo to be é só colocar o verbo na frente do sujeito. Nos demais  verbos usa-se o auxiliar  Do ou Does.

Ex. : Is she tired?

Do you go home now?

Does he like to eat pineapple?

 

» negative form

neste caso, aparece a forma negativa not. Que pode também ser usado na forma abreviada tanto com o verbo to be como com auxiliar do/ does.

Ex.: she is not ( isn’t) tired.

You do not ( don’t) go home.

He does not ( doesn’t) to eat pineapple.

 

MUCH –MANY – VERY

Representam quase a mesma  palavra – muito, muitos.

Much  e many – dão idéia de quantidade.

Much= muito – para o singular, é considerado adjetivo.

Many= muitos­- para o plural . também é considerado adjetivo.

Very=  muito- advérbio – referente a intensidade.

 

IMPERATIVE TENSE

Como se estivesse dando uma ordem. Deixando o sujeito oculto.

Ex.: Open the door!

Do me a favor!

Close the window.

 

GOING TO

Esta forma verbal, expressa ações futuras, é necessário o uso do verbo to be como auxiliar, junto com um verbo no infinitivo sem o to.

Ex.: I’m going to see you next week.

We’re going to study this afternoon.

They’re going to buy something tomorrow.

 

SIMPLE PAST TENSE

Para formá-lo nas sentenças afirmativas acrescenta-se D ou ED no final do verbo, quando este for regular. Mas quando for irregular a variação será de acordo com a forma do verbo.

O auxiliar vai para o passado DID.

Ex.: I didn’t read this book.

We didn’t came here yesterday.

Did you sell your car?

 

NEW VERBS

To remember= lembrar-se

To visit= visitor

To drive=dirigir

 

NEW WORDS

Something = alguma coisa

Ad= anúncio

All= tudo, toda, todo, inteiro

Almost= quase

Already= já

Although= embora, apesar de

Bag= bolsa, saco

Bakery= padaria

Bedroom= quarto

Busy= ocupado

Candy= doce

Pineaplle= abacaxi

 

NEW EXPRESSIONS

To think up = planejar

 

ACTIVITY

1) change the sentences to interrogative form:

a) they like to go to the beach every month.

_____________________________________________

 

b)you visit your family every year.

_____________________________________________

 

c) she drives a motorcycle.

 _______________________________________

 

d) he remembered to do his homework.

_____________________________________________

 

e) you are very busy now.

______________________________________________

 

2) Change the sentences to negative form:

a) I like to dance every week.

______________________________________________

 

b) we studied English yesterday.

______________________________________________

 

c) she visited her aunt last month.

_____________________________________________

 

d) they are going to came here tomorrow.

_____________________________________________

 

3) complete with many,much or very:

a) my sister is a _______________ smart girl.

b) Ane ia a ______________ curious waman.

c) mr. Smith is a __________ good doctor.

d) there are ____________ books on th my table.

 

4) change to the 3ª person of singular: ( he/she)

a) I go to school at 7:00.

________________________________________

 

b) they like to eat pineapple.

________________________________________

 

c) you visit your mother every month.

________________________________________

 

d) did you remember to buy any fruits?

________________________________________

 

GABARITO

1.
a) 
 do they to go to the beach every month?

b)  do you visit your family every year?

c) does she drive car?

d) did he remember to do his homework?

e) are you busy now?
2.
a)
 I don’t like to dance every week.

b) we didn’t study English yesterday.

c) she didn’t visit her mother last month.

d) they aren’t going to came here tomorrow.

 

3.
a)
 very

b) very

c) very

d) many

 

4.
a)
 she/he goes to school at 7:00.

b)she/he likes to eat pineapple.

c) she/he visits her/ his mother every month.

d) did she/he remember to buy any fruits?

Fonte: http://www.juliobattisti.com.br/tutoriais/adrienearaujo/inglesbasico015.asp

   

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