Home Tutoriais Idiomas Inglês – Lição 17 – Simple Future


STRUCTURE

AFFIRMATIVE FORM

subject  + will + verb +complement

ex: I will go to the beach tomorrow.

» in this case, it’s necessary to use  the auxiliary verb will.

Ex: you  will visit your parents next week.

She will learn English with me.

 

NEGATIVE FORM

Subject + will + not+ verb

Ex:  she will not study with me

Or

She won’t  study with me

will not go to church this afternoon

Or

won’t go to church this afternoon

 

INTERROGATIVE FORM

Will  +  subject + verb + complement

Ex: will you go to the store with me?

Will they go to the beach tomorrow?

 

INTERROGATIVE-NEGATIVE FORM

Will +  subject +  not +  verb  +  complement

Ex: will you not go to the party with me?

Or

Won’t   you  go to the party with me?

 

TAKE A LOOK:

» pode-se substituir will por shall. Mas só na primeira pessoa do singular e do plural , ( I, we).

Ex:  I will buy a new car next year.

Or

I shall buy a new car next year.

We will  travel to New York next month.

Or

We shall travel to New York next month.

» will e shall tem a seguinte forma contracta =’ll.

will=’ll

shall=’ll

ex: she will work in my new store next week.

Or

She’ll work in my new store next week.

We shall go to the beach tomorrow.

Or

We’ll go to the beach tomorrow.

 

» a forma contracta em uma frase negativa tem a seguinte forma:

Will not= won’t

Shall not= shan’t

Ex:  he will not visit his parents tomorrow.

Or

He won’t visit his parents tomorrow.

I shall not cook a chocolate cake.

Or

I  shan’t cook a chocolate cake.

 

COMO E QUANDO USAR O SIMPLE FUTURE??

» para falar ou descrever ações que estão planejadas para o futuro.

Ex: I will sell this car.

» para expressar uma decisão repentina que foi tomada de imediato.

Ex: it’s very hot here! I will buy a ice cream.

» os advérbios  mais usado neste tempo verbal são:

tomorrow= amanhã

next week/ month/ year= próxima semana/ mês/ ano

soon= em breve

 

ACTIVITY (I)

1) pass the sentences to the simple future:

a) I play soccer with my friends.

_______________________________________________________

 

b) we study English and French every week.

_______________________________________________________

 

c) she needs a lot of money to buy her  new dress.

_______________________________________________________

 

d) I go to visit my parents next month.

_______________________________________________________

 

2) use the contract form:

a) she will sell her old books.

_______________________________________________________

 

b) they will buy a new house.

_______________________________________________________

 

c) I shall work next weekend.

_______________________________________________________

 

d) we shall visit our friends tomorrow.

_______________________________________________________

 

3) pass the sentences to negative form:

a) I shall buy a bicycle for my brother.

_______________________________________________________

 

b) she will cook a delicious candies tomorrow morning.

_______________________________________________________

 

c) I will sell my computer .

_______________________________________________________

 

d) my parents will visit me next week.

_______________________________________________________

 

STRUCTURE- II

IMMEDIATE FUTURE

AFFIRMATIVE FORM:

Subject  +  to be +  going to + verb  + complement

Ex:

You are going to travel tomorrow.

 

NEGATIVE FORM:

Subject   + to be + not + going to  + verb  + complement

You are not going to travel to Amsterdã tomorrow.

Or

You aren’t going to travel to Amsterdã tomorrow.

 

INTERROGATIVE FORM:

Como nos outros tempos verbais, na forma interrogativa  o verbo auxiliar  will vem antes do sujeito.

Ex: are you going to travel to Amsterdã tomorrow?

TAKE A LOOK

» gonna= going to

no inglês informal a expressão going to  é representada pelo termo : gonna.

Ex:   what are you gonna sell to your father?

 

COMO E QUANDO USAR O IMMEDIATE FUTURE??

É usada para descrever algo que se planeja fazer ou que já está prestes a acontecer.

Ex: they are going to come next Sunday.

 

NEW VERBS

Money= dinheiro

Ice cream= sorvete

Dress=vestido

Farm= fazenda

Bicycle= bicicleta

Candy= bala, doce

Shoe= sapatos

Shirt= camisa

Pants= calças

Cousin= primo

Relative= parentes

Cookie= bolacha

Popcorn= pipoca

Slice= fatia

 

NEW EXPRESSIONS

See you tomorrow= até amanhã

On the weekend= no fim de semana

Very much= muito

Some times= às vezes

About=  sobre, aproximadamente, mais ou menos

 

ACTIVITY –II

1) translate the sentences below:

a) eu comprarei um novo vestido.

_______________________________________________________

 

b) nós visitaremos nossos parentes no próximo mês.

_______________________________________________________

 

c) você venderá sua casa?

_______________________________________________________

 

d) elas não aprenderão a cozinhar.

_______________________________________________________

 

2) use the negative form in this sentences:

a) she will learn to cook cake and candies.

_______________________________________________________

 

b) I shall sell my dress and pants for you.

_______________________________________________________

 

c) I like to speak French.

_______________________________________________________

 

d) I shall visit you tomorrow.

_______________________________________________________

 

GABARITO

1)

a) I will/ shall play soccer with my friends.

b) we will/ shall study English and French every week.

c) she will need a lot of month to buy her new dress.

d) I will / shall visit my parents next month.

 

2)

a) she’ll

b) they’ll

c) I’ll

d) we’ll

 

3)

a)I shan’t

b) She won’t

c) I won’t

d)my parents won’t

 

activity- II

1)

a)I will/shall buy a new dress.

b)  we shall/will visit our relative next week?

c) well you sell your house.

d) they won’t learn cookies

 

2)

a)I shan’t

b) I shan’t

c) I didn’t

d) I shan’t

 

Fonte: http://www.juliobattisti.com.br/tutoriais/adrienearaujo/inglesintermediario002.asp

   

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