Home Tutoriais Idiomas Inglês – Lição 18 – Simple Past


AFFIRMATIVE FORM

Subject  +  verb in the past + complement

They played soccer yesterday.

I visited my parents last month.

 

NEGATIVE FORM

Subject  + did not +  verb  + complement

I did not study English yesterday.

Or

I didn’t study English yesterday.

I didn’t eat this slice of cake.

 

INTERROGATIVE FORM

Did  +  subject  + verb + complement

Did you see my sister?

Did she buy a new pants?

 

INTERROGATIVE – NEGATIVE

Did + subject + not + verb + complement

Did you not see my sister?

Or

Didn’t  you   se  my  sister?

 

COMO E QUANDO USAR O SIMPLE PAST??

» para expressar algo ocorrido no passado.

Ex: my sister traveled to Japan two month ago.

Advérbios mais usados para a formação deste tempo:

Yesterday= ontem

The day before yesterday= anteontem

Last week/ night= noite /semana passada

A year ago = um ano atrás

 

ACTIVITY

1) PASS THE SENTENCES TO SIMPLE PAST AND TO NEGATIVE FORM:

 

a) I will visit my family tomorrow.

_______________________________________________________

 

b) I understand what the teacher speaks.

_______________________________________________________

 

c) she likes to cook candies and cakes.

_______________________________________________________

 

d) do you sell the house to your friend?

 

_______________________________________________________

 

STRUCTURE –II

REFLEXIVE AND EMPHASIZING PRONOUNS

I = myself

You = yourself

He= himself

She= herself

It= itself

We= ourselves

You= yourselves

They= themselves

 

THE REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS

Estes aparecem em frases que o sujeito faz e sofre a ação , ou seja , o sujeito  e o objeto  são a mesma pessoa.

Ex: I always burn  myself when I cook.

She always cuts  herself.

 

THE  EMPHASIZING PRONOUNS

Estes servem para enfatizar o sujeito. Podem aparecer após o sujeito ou no final da oração.

Ex: you yourself closed the door.

 

TAKE A LOOK:

By myself

Esta construção by + reflexive pronouns pode significar também = alone( sozinho).

Ex: I cook a cake by myself.

 

ORDINAL NUMBERS

1º – 1st= first= primeiro

2º – 2 nd= second=segundo

3º – 3 rd= third = terceiro

4º – 4 th= fourth=quarto

5º – 5th =fifth= quinto

6º- 6 th = sixth= sexto

7º- 7th = seventh= sétimo

8º- 8th = eighth= oitavo

9º- 9 th= ninth = nono

10º-10 th = décimo

11º- 11 th = eleventh= décimo – primeiro

12º- 12 th = twelfth= décimo – segundo

13º- 13 th= thirtheenth = décimo- terceiro

20º- 20 th = twentieth = vigéssimo

32º- 32 nd = thirty –second= trigéssimo segundo

100º- 100 th = one hundredth= centéssimo

1000º- 1000th =one thousandth= miléssimo

1001º-1001th = one thousand and first- miléssimo primeiro

 

NEW VERBS

To travel= viajar

To read= ler

To close= fechar

To write= escrever

To open= abrir

 

NEW WORDS

Newspaper=jornal

Magazine= revista

Letter= carta

Until= até

Window= janela

Door= porta

Bedroom= quarto

Bathroom= banheiro

Pie= torta

Ice= gelo

Food= comida

Cold= frio

Hot= quente

 

NEW EXPRESSIONS

To get up= levanter-se

To take place= acontecer

This morning= esta manhã

This afternoon= hoje a tarde

Tonight= hoje a noite

 

ACTIVITY

1) complete with a reflexive or an emphasizing pronoun:

a) I ______________ called the doctor.

b) You always cuts____________________.

c) Do you live with your parents or live by____________________.

 

2) translate the sentences below:

a) eu fui a primeira pessoa a ler esta revista.

____________________________________________________________

 

b) ele não gostava de escrever cartas.

___________________________________________________________

 

c) ela não viajou noite passada.

__________________________________________________________

 

d) você gosta de torta?

_________________________________________________________

 

e) você foi a sétima pessoa que leu este livro.

_________________________________________________________

 

f) eu não entendi o que você escreveu.

____________________________________________________________

 

GABARITO

ACTIVITY –I

1)

a) I didn’t visit my family tomorrow.

b) I didn’t understand what the teacher spoke.

c) she didn’t like to cook candies and cake.

d) didn’t you sell the house to your friend?

 

Activity II

1)

a) myself

b) yourself

c) yourself

 

2)

a) I was the first person to read this magazine.

b) he didn’t like to write letters.

c) she didn’t travel last night.

d) did you like pie?

e) you were seventh person that read this book?

Fonte: http://www.juliobattisti.com.br/tutoriais/adrienearaujo/inglesintermediario003.asp

   

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