Home Tutoriais Idiomas Inglês – Lição 19 – Simple Past I


Irregular verbs- estes verbos quando são conjugados apresentam variação na sua forma escrita. Podem ter uma forma diferente para o simple past  e para o past participle.

Ex:

INFINITIVE                         SIMPLE PAST                          PAST PARTICIPLE

To beat                               beat                                           beaten

To sleep                              slept                                          slept

To understand                    understood                                understood

 

Note:

Um “pequeno detalhe” para a formação dos  irregular vebs no simple past ou no past participle é que eles não tem uma regra específica de formação, por isso é necessário memorização deles.

 

Podem ser classificados em:

UNIFORMES- onde não ocorre nenhuma mudança em sua forma escrita.

INFINITIVE                    SIMPLE PAST            PAST PARTICLE

To cut                            cut                             cut

To read                         read                            read

Ex: I read a new book.

 

BIFORMES- neste caso o verbo tem duas formas iguais. Uma para o simple past e o past participle ou infinitive e simple past ou infinitive e past participle.

INFINITIVE               SIMPLE PAST         PAST PARTICIPLE

To beat                       beat                       beaten

To come                      came                      come

To bring                      brought                    brought

 

TRIFORMES-  neste caso há formas diferentes para o infinitive, o simple past e para o past participle.

INFINITIVE                   SIMPLE PAST             PAST PARTICIPLE

To be                            was/were                   been

To begin                        began                       begun

To do                            did                            done

 

SIMPLE PAST  WITH IRREGULAR VERBS

Affirmative

They came here yesterday.

She slept in my house last night.

 

Interrogative

Did you bring my book?

 

Negative

She didn’t read this magazine.

 

ACTIVITY

1) USE THE SIMPLE PAST IN THE SENTENCES BELOW:

A) I will bring your book.

_________________________________________________________

B) she is tired today.

_________________________________________________________

C) they go to the beach today.

_________________________________________________________

D) I read this book and I like it very much.

_________________________________________________________

E) he begins to study English this month.

_________________________________________________________

 

2) use the negative form in the sentences below:

A) I did everything correctly.

________________________________________________________

B) you understood this lesson.

________________________________________________________

C) we came last week.

_________________________________________________________

D) she forgot my name.

_________________________________________________________

 

STRUCTURE –II

PAST CONTINUOUS

Affirmative

Subject         +       was/were  +    verb +    ing

I                             was                  eating       a slice a chocolate cake.

You                         were                drinking     milk.

 

Negative

We  weren’t  speaking  about  you.

She   wasn’t  studying   English.

 

Interrogative

Weren’t   they  living  in New York?

Was   she  eating  an apple?

 

QUANDO SE USA O PAST CONTINUOUS?

» Para falar de uma ação que estava ocorrendo no passado. O surgimento de um advérbio é útil para definir quando a ação estava ocorrendo.

Ex:

She was dancing last night.

We were speaking about our English class.

 

» Para falar de uma ação repetida frequentemente no passado.

Ex:

They were always playing soccer.

 

» Para falar de duas ações que estavam ocorrendo no passado ao mesmo tempo. Pode-se usar a conjunção while ( enquanto).

Ex:

I was studying while my sister was cooking.

 

NEW VERBS

To beat= bater, golpear

To come= vir, chegar

To bring= trazer

To begin= começar

 

NEW WORDS

Body=corpo

Head=cabeça

Eyes=olhos

Hair= cabelo

Ears= ouvido

Nose= nariz

Mouth=boca

Eyebrow=sobrancelha

Mustache= bigode

Tooth/ teeth= dentes

Lips= lábios

Tongue= lingua

Leg= perna

Potato= batatas

Carrot= cenoura

Green pepper= pimentão

Pumpkin= abóbora

Eggplant=berinjela

Onion=cebola

Garlic=alho

Manioc=mandioca

 

NEW EXPRESSIONS

Day by day= dia-a-dia

In style= em grande estilo

To fall in love (with)= apaixonar-se por

Worry for = preocupar-se com

Ask for= pedir

To get up= levantar-se

 

ACTIVITY

1) TRANSLATION:

A) Eu estava comendo cenoura e batatas.

____________________________________________________________

 

B) Ela estava falando com minha mãe.

____________________________________________________________

 

C) N ós estávamos jogando futebol.

____________________________________________________________

 

D) Eles estavam dormindo em sua casa?

___________________________________________________________

 

E) Ele não estava bebendo vinho.

____________________________________________________________

 

2) COMPLETE WITH THE PAST CONTINUOUS OR THE SIMPLE PAST OF THE VERBS:

a) I __________________ ( talk) to my father when  he ______________ ( arrive) last night.

b) She _________________(cook) a chocolate cake yesterday.

c) We__________________(study) English while my brother ______________( work) a lot at the office.

d) He __________________( fall in love) with my sister.

e) They___________________(travel) with my parents last week.

 

3) USE THE NEGATIVE FORM.

A) I was reading that book.

____________________________________________

 

B) we played soccer every week.

____________________________________________

 

C) she was studying Spanish with the new teacher.

____________________________________________

 

D) they got up 6:00 o’clock.

____________________________________________

 

E) you were falling in love with my brother.

____________________________________________

 

F) she had beautiful eyes.

_____________________________________________

 

GABARITO

1)

A) I brought your book.

B) she was tired yesterday.

C) they went to the beach yesterday.

D) I read this book and I liked it very much.

E) he began to study English that month.

 

2)

a) I didn’t everything correctly.

B) you didn’t understand this lesson

C) we didn’t come last week.

 

Activity II

1)

A) I was eating carrot and potato

B) she was speaking with my mother.

C) we were playing soccer.

D) were they sleeping in your house?

E) you weren’t reading that magazine.

F) he wasn’t drinking wine.

 

2)

A) was talking/arrived

B) cooked

C) were studying/ was working

D) was falling in love

E) traveled

 

3)

A) I wasn’t reading that book

B)we didn’t played soccer every week.

c) she wasn’t studying Spanish with new teacher

D) they didn’t get up 6:00 o’clock.

E)you weren’t falling in love with my brother

F) she didn’t had beautiful eyes.

Fonte: http://www.juliobattisti.com.br/tutoriais/adrienearaujo/inglesintermediario004.asp

   

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