Home Tutoriais Idiomas Inglês – Lição 23 – Present Continuous


Formas

Affirmative

Subject + have/has + been + verb + ing

EX: I have  been  writing  letters.

She has been cooking  cake.

 

Negative

EX: I haven’t ( have not) been writing letters

She hasn’t (has not) been cooking cake.

 

Interrogative

Have you been writing letters?

Has she been cooking cake?

 

NOTE:

O present perfect continuous é semelhante com o present continuous. Por isso o cuidado para saber diferencia-los.

» o present continuous é usado para algo que está ocorrendo no momento da fala.

EX:I’m eating now!

» O present perfect continuous é usado para algo que está ocorrendo recentemente.

EX: I have been eating.

 

COMO E QUANDO SE USA O PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS?

Usa-se para destacar a continuação de algo iniciado no passado e que ainda ocorre até o presente.

EX: he has been working hard.

They have been traveled for two days.

 

ACTIVITY-I

1. use the present perfect continuous in the sentences below:

a) I do my job.

_____________________________________________________

 

b) they dance for two hours.

_____________________________________________________

 

c) she study English lately.

_____________________________________________________

 

d) Julie sleep for 4 hours.

_____________________________________________________

 

e) we play soccer recently.

_____________________________________________________

 

f) you live with your uncle.

_____________________________________________________

 

g) Ane cleans my house yet.

_____________________________________________________

 

h)do you have dinner?

_____________________________________________________

 

STRUCTURE II

Indefinitive article

Os artigos indefinidos são:

A= um, uma – é usado antes de palavras no singular e que são iniciadas por consoantes.

EX: a boy

A girl

A hospital

 

an = um, uma – é usado  antes de palavras no singular iniciadas por vogais.

EX: an animal

an orange

 

estes artigos podem aparecer:

» antes de nomes de profissões:

EX: a doctor

an  archiect

 

» com expressões numéricas;

EX: a hundred ( uma centena)

» em exclamações

EX: what a pitty ! ( que pena!)

What a mess ! ( que bagunça)

 

ACTIVITY-II

1. complete with a or an:

a) my brother is _________ English teacher.

b) I am ________ student.

c) She wants _______orange  juice.

d) Mr. Smith wants to be ______doctor.

e) We have_____dog.

f) My sister is _____ waitress.

g) My cousin wants to buy ______car.

h) this boy have _______ ball.

 

NEW VERBS

To clean = limpar

To build= construir

To hold= pegar, segurar

To seek= procurar

 

NEW WORDS

Husband= marido

Mess=bagunça

Mailman= carteiro

Hairdresser=cabeleira

Dressmaker=costureira

Butcher= açougueiro

Mechanic= mecânico

Waiter= garçom

Waitress=garçonete

Baker=padeiro

Painter= pintor

Street=rua

 

NEW EXPRESSIONS

What a mess=que bagunça!

To get out= sair

Wait for= esperar por

To be sure= estar certo

Of course=é claro

 

ACTIVITY-III

1. TRANSLATION:

a) I need a new husband.

_____________________________________________________

 

b)we have been cleaning this house all day long.

_____________________________________________________

 

c) have you ever sought your wallet?

_____________________________________________________

 

d) the waiter held a glass of juice to me.

_____________________________________________________

 

e) the baker has been cooking delicious cakes and bread.

_____________________________________________________

 

f)the dressmaker has been working a lot in my dress.

_____________________________________________________

 

g) I have been seeking a good mechanic.

_____________________________________________________

 

2. rewrite the sentences below:

a) my/ painter/ a/ good/ is

_____________________________________________________

 

b) wait/ me/ for/you

_____________________________________________________

 

c)to clean/ house/my/I/need

_____________________________________________________

 

d) we/ hairdresser/go/to/now

_____________________________________________________

 

e) give/ mailman/ me/a/ letter/ the

_____________________________________________________

 

F) need/ you/ to/ clean/ mess/ this/

_____________________________________________________

 

g) father/ house/my/ been/ building/ has/

_____________________________________________________

 

GABARITO

Activity-I

1. a) I have been doing my job.

b) they have been dacending for two hours.

c) She has been studying English lately.

d) Julie has been sleeping for 4 hours.

e) We have been playing soccer recently.

f) You have been living with your uncle.

g) Ane has been cleaning my house yet.

h) have you been having dinner?

 

Activity-II

1. a) an

b) a

c) an

d) a

e) a

f) a

g) a

h) a

 

Activity-III

1. a) eu preciso de um novo marido

b) nós temos estado limpado a casa o dia todo.

c) Você já procurou /tem procurado sua bolsa?

d) O garçom pegou um copo de suco de laranja para mim.

e) O padeiro tem estado cozinhando deliciosos bolos e pães.

f) A costureira tem estado trabalhando muito em meu vestido.

g) Eu tenho estado procurando um bom mecânico.

 

2) a)my father is a good painter.

b) you waiter for me.

c) I need to clean my house.

d) We go to hairdresser now.

e) The mailman give me a letter.

Fonte: http://www.juliobattisti.com.br/tutoriais/adrienearaujo/inglesintermediario008.asp

   

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