sujeito + had + verbo principal no particípio passado
EX: I had eaten some fruits before you arrived.
she had read many letters.
EX: I had not / hadn’t eaten fruit before you arrived.
EX: had you found your old book?
had she already spoken with your mother before?
COMO E QUANDO USAR O PAST PERFECT?
Para descrever uma ação ocorrida no passado antes de outra ação também ocorrida no passado.pode-se usar o seguintes advérbios : already,never, seldom, always.
forma contracta de had é ‘d.
ex: she had
sujeito + to be + verbo + ing
EX: I am visiting my family.
1. uma ação que ocorre no momento em que se fala.
2. uma ação presente, que nem sempre pode estar ocorrendo na hora em que é mencionado.
3. ações que sempre se repetem.
sujeito + will + verbo + complemento
EX: I will visit my friends next weekend.
No futuro é necessário o uso do verbo auxiliar will.
» will pode ser substituído por shall na 1ª pessoa do singular e do plural.
will not= won’t
shall not= shan’t
É USADO PARA:
» descrever ações futuras.
» expressar decisões tomadas de imediato.
sujeito + to be + going to + verbo + complemento
EX: we are going to travel to Las Vegas tomorrow morning.
É USADO PARA:
» descrever algo que está prestes a acontecer.
sujeito + verbo no passado + complemento
EX: I studied English with my friend yesterday.
É USADO PARA:
» descrever ações já ocorridas.
REFLEXIVE AND EMPHASIZING PRONOUNS:
» Os pronomes reflexivos surgem quando o sujeito sofre e faz a ação. também servem para enfatizar o sujeito.
EX: I always cut myself.
to leave= deixar, partir, sair
to arrive= chegar
to lose= perder
to dream= sonhar
and so on= etc…
to hurry up= apressar- se
to go on= continuar
to run into= entrar
1. se the contract form:
a) they had brought the dog with them.
b) she had studied a lot, when her father arrived.
c) I had not eaten anything when my mother arrived.
d) she had not left her book with me.
e) he had lost his wallet last week.
a) eu perdi meu emprego.
b) nós viajaremos com meus pais.
c) ela não gosta de cebola.
d) ele não tinha estudado as leis e perdeu a liberdade.
e) nós compraremos uma bolsa para minha mãe.
3. use the past perfect with the verbs in parentheses in the sentences below:
a) Ane and his boyfriend ________________ ( leave) the party after we arrived.
b) they ____________________( lose) their homework when the teacher entered the classroom.
c) she arrived at home after her family ______________( eat).
d) John lost the pen that her girlfriend_______________( give) him.
e) I___________(leave) my house when you called me.
f) when we called Francy , she _____________ already ____________( leave).
g) I ____________( sleep) for three hours when Paul knocked the door.
h) Nick didn’t go to the movies with me. he___________ (see) that film.
4. pass the sentences to present continuous:
a) I read a newspaper.
b) she drank a glass of milk.
c) we worked a lot.
d) I will leave this room.
e) John and Julie study English now.
5. use the simple future in this sentences:
I don’t arrive in your house this afternoon.
we went to the movies last night.
she learned to dance with me!
did they travel to New York last month?
he is reading this new book.
c) I’d not/ I hadn’t
d) she’d not/ she hadn’t
a) I lost my job ( employment)
b) we will travel with my parents.
c) she doesn’t like onion.
d) he had not/ hadn’t studied laws and he lost the freedom.
e) we will a wallet to my mother.
a) had left
b) had lost
c) had eaten
d) had given
e) had left
f) had left
g) had slept
h) had seen
a) I am reading a newspaper.
b) she is drinking a glass of milk.
c) we are working a lot.
d) I am leaving this room.
e) John and Julie are studying English now.
a) I won’t arrive in your house this afternoon.
b) we will go to the movies tomorrow night.
c) she will learn to dance with me!
d) will they travel to New York next month?
e) he will read this new book.